• Cinnamon
  • Aloevera
  • Pepper
  • Herbs
  • Vanilla
  • Cardamom
  • Cocoa
  • Mace
  • Little bit of everything
  • Nutmeg
  • Herbs
  • Nelli

Spices of Ceylon

Cinnamon

The Ceylon cinnamon or true cinnamon, is the dried bark of Cinnamomum zealanicum, belongs to the family Lauraceae. It is indigenous to Sri Lanka. Cinnamomum zealanicum is an evergreen perennial plant with spirally arranged, broad laminated dark green leaves having palmate venation.

Cinnamon is a hardy plant which can grow well in almost all types of soils under a wide verity of tropical conditions. In Sri Lanka it is cultivated under varying conditions ranging from semi-dry to wet zone conditions.

The quality of bark is greatly influenced by the soil and factors. There are eight cinnamon species in Sri Lanka. Among them only Cinnamomum zealanicum is grown commercially.

Under natural conditions, the plant grows to a height of 10 - 15m with the girth of 30-50cm. When coppiced from time to time it could be maintained as bush of 2-2.5m height with multiple stems arising from its base.

Pepper

Pepper, popularly known as the "King of spices" and it accounts for and occupies largest percentage in the international spice trade. It is most widely used spice all over the world. Black pepper of commerce is the mature dried berries of the woody perennial evergreen climbing vine, Piper nigrum.

It can be grown either as a mono crop or as a mixed crop in the coconut and tea plantations using live and dead standards as support. Pepper is an ideal crop for home gardens where it can be trained on the existing tree species as well.

Cloves

“Clove of commerce is the dried, fully grown but still unopened flower buds of the evergreen tree Eugenia caryophyllus of the family Myrtaceae. Clove oil obtained by the distillation of flower buds, inflorescence branches left after the buds have been removed, and the leaves is the other product of commercial value. It is a colourless or slightly yellowish liquid, becoming darker with age and exposure to the light. The clove tree is a medium sized symmetrically shaped tree with smooth grey bark. Fully grown trees are usually 15 - 20m tall ”

Ginger

“Since ancient times, Ginger, the underground stem, or rhizome, of the plant Zingiber officinale has been used as a medicine as well as a flavoring in Asian, Indian, and Arabic herbal traditions. Ginger in commerce, is the underground stem. The plant has slender reed-like stems with dark glossy green leaves arising from tuberous rhizomes. Plants will reach about 20 inches (45 cm) tall and the leaves reach 7 inches (17.5 cm) long. Ginger plant has a long history of cultivation known to originate in Southeast Asia and then have spread to India, West Africa, and the Caribbean. Most of the world trade in ginger is as a dried spice, however fresh rhizomes are also traded. ”

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